Social and health inequalities in Latin America, already important before the COVID- 19 pandemic, have increased last year. This crisis is exposing underlying health inequalities. The cost of inaction to address this long-standing social injustice is reversing even the improvements in health and social indicators achieved over the past two decades. The negative impact of the direct and indirect effects of the pandemic are greater in vulnerable populations such as children, youth, women, the elderly, indigenous peoples, people with chronic diseases and mental illnesses, people with disabilities, as well as their families or caregivers, and informal workers and migrants. Even more, when analyzing pandemic control strategies, we also observe lower results in these populations.
The objectives of this event are:
a) To describe the state of the situation on the inequitable impact of pandemic control measures on the health and welfare of vulnerable populations as well as the public policies implemented by the states to alleviate the social impacts of unemployment, closures, confinements, etc., lessons learned and challenges in the 3 participating countries.
b) Identify the barriers and adverse effects associated with the application of preventive measures, the vulnerable groups affected by these barriers and effects, and the strategies to deal with them.
c) Describe the strategies that have been developed to reduce this inequitable impact.
d) Describe the scope and challenges of these strategies in the context of climate crisis.
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)